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During the week please email attendance@stthomasofcanterbury.thurrock.sch.uk

During the weekend or school holidays please email testresults@stthomasofcanterbury.thurrock.sch.uk

You email will need to include information about the positive case you are reporting. You can download the form from here

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Science

As a school, we are determined to stimulate curiosity and develop a thirst for learning, to help our children discover and explain how things work or happen in the world around us. The children learn to ask scientific questions and begin to appreciate how Science affects the future of our planet globally, nationally and personally.

We teach Science through a range of practical lessons, when possible, in order to develop the skills required to work scientifically and develop enquiry-based learning. This is supported through the teaching of specific subject knowledge and vocabulary, which is naturally built on throughout the school.

We celebrate our annual, whole school Science Day each year to coincide with National Science Week, such as the 'Growth' theme in 2022. We look at our own skills and characteristics that help us recognise that we are all scientists. During our annual Science Day, we take the opportunity to look at different aspects of Science, which are in addition to our curriculum, in order to further develop the children’s enthusiasm and enjoyment of the subject. To support our home learning, we also provide links for Science activities to parents in order to provide them with ideas of home learning opportunities that they can follow.

We look at the history and biography of famous scientists, such as Galileo and Darwin, whose historical discoveries have undoubtedly changed the way we live today. Furthermore, we investigate and discuss how scientists work and how it has evolved over time, leading to new scientific or technological discoveries. Similarly, we look at how Science has developed over time and create links to scientists who are working on new discoveries that may change our lives in the future.

We also look at both male and female scientists, and those from ethnic backgrounds, for example Dr Paula Kahumbu, a specialist in elephant habitats and conservation and Ojore Oka, a genetic specialist investigating cures for hereditary illnesses. This shows our children that Science is for anyone, not just the select few and allows us to challenge any misconceptions and helps develop their enthusiasm.

Reception

• Learn new vocabulary.

• Ask questions to find out more and to check what has been said to them.

• Articulate their ideas and thoughts in well-formed sentences.

• Describe events in some detail.

• Use talk to work out problems and organise thinking and activities. Explain how things work and why they might happen.

• Use new vocabulary in different contexts.

• Know and talk about the different factors that support their overall health and wellbeing:

• regular physical activity

• healthy eating

• toothbrushing

• having a good sleep routine

• Explore the natural world around them.

• Describe what they see, hear and feel while they are outside.

• Recognise some environments that are different to the one in which they live.

• Understand the effect of changing seasons on the natural world around them.

ELG's

• Make comments about what they have heard and ask questions to clarify their understanding.

• Manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs, including dressing, going to the toilet and understanding the importance of healthy food choices.

• Explore the natural world around them, making observations and drawing pictures of animals and plants.

• Know some similarities and differences between the natural world around them and contrasting environments, drawing on their experiences and what has been read in class.

• Understand some important processes and changes in the natural world around them, including the seasons and changing states of matter.

 

 

Year 1

Autumn

Spring

Summer

  • Asking simple questions
  • Identifying and classifying using basic criteria
  • Observing using simple equipment
  • Performing simple tests
  • Using observations and ideas to inform scientific thinking

Human Body

  • Identifying, naming, drawing and labelling the basic parts of the human body and saying which part of the body is associated with each sense.

Four Seasons

  • Learning about the four different seasons and observing what Grays is like during autumn. We will also observe and describe the weather associated with the seasons and how the day length varies.

Animals

  • Identifying and naming a variety of common animals including fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. Identifying and naming a variety of common animals that are carnivores, herbivores and omnivores and describing and comparing the structure of a variety of common animals (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals, including pets).

 

  • Asking simple questions and performing simple tests
  • Using observations and ideas to inform our scientific thinking
  • Gathering and recording data using simple tables and bar charts

Four Seasons

  • We continue observing changes across the four seasons, focusing on Grays in spring.
  • We also observe and describe the weather associated with the four  seasons and how the length of the days varies.

Materials

  • Comparing and grouping together a variety of everyday materials on the basis of simple physical properties
  • Identifying and naming a variety of everyday materials such as wood, plastic, glass, metal, water and rock
  • Distinguishing between an object and the material from which it is made.
  • Identify waterproof and non-waterproof materials.

 

  • Observing using simple equipment
  • Performing simple tests
  • Gathering and recording data using simple tables and bar charts
  • Using observations and ideas to inform our scientific thinking

Four Seasons

  • We continue observing changes across the four seasons; observing and describing weather associated with summer and saying how day length varies

​​​​​​​Plants

  • Identifying and naming a variety of common wild and garden plants, including deciduous and evergreen trees.
  • Identifying and describing the basic structure of a variety of common flowering plants, including trees.

Animals

  • Identify life cycles of chicken, including observed liife chickens and hatching
  • Identifying, naming and describing common sea creatures eg, shark, whale, angel fish, includes identifying diets and food chain and feeding pattern.

 

 

Year 2

Autumn

Spring

Summer

Grouping and changing materials.

 Observe using simple equipment.

  • Plan and perform simple tests.
  • Discuss and evaluate the use of everyday materials.
  • Identify and compare the suitability of a variety of everyday materials, including wood, metal, plastic, glass, brick, rock, paper and cardboard for particular uses.
  • Find out how the shapes of solid objects made from some materials can be changed by squashing, bending, twisting and stretching.
  • Identify naturally occurring materials.
  • Predict and describe how materials can be changed and used and become familiar with the terms reversible and irreversible change.

 

Living things and their habitats including plants and animals in the local environment

  • Identifying that most living things live in habitats to which they are suited and describe how different habitats provide for the basic needs of different kinds of animals and plants, knowing how they depend on each other.
  • Identifying and naming a variety of plants and animals in their habitats.
  • Describing how animals obtain their food from plants and other animals, introducing the idea of a simple food chain.
  • Identifying and naming different food sources.
  • Exploring and comparing the differences between things that are living, dead and things that have never been alive.

 

Animals, including humans

  • Finding out about and describing the basic needs of animals, including humans, for survival.
  • Discussing the importance for humans to exercise, understanding about eating the right amounts of different food types and hygiene.
  • Using ‘Mrs Gren’ – to help to recognise similarities and differences between animals and plants, and group them according to their characteristics. 
  • Knowing that animals (including humans) have offspring that grow into adults.
  • Understanding the importance of a healthy and balanced diet and lifestyle.

Plants

  •     Completing growing investigations.
  •     Observing and describing how seeds and bulbs grow into mature plants.
  •     Finding out how plants need water, light and a suitable temperature to grow and  stay healthy.
  •     Recording and measuring the growth of a plant.

 

 

Year 3

Autumn

Spring

Summer

Magnetswe will:

  • Explore that forces need contact with two objects but magnets attract or repel at a distance.
  • Explore everyday materials and identify their properties.
  • Describe magnets as having two poles and predict whether two magnets will attract or repel.

Rocks and Soils- we will:

  • Compare and group together different types of rock based on their properties.
  • We will learn how fossils are formed and be able to recognise that soils are made from rocks and organic matter.
  • Ask relevant questions.
  • Set up simple, practical enquiries (fair tests).
  • Make systematic and careful observations.
  • Gather, record, classify and present data.
  • Record findings (bar charts and graphs).
  • Report on findings.
  • Use results to draw simple conclusions.
  • Identify differences and similarities.
  • Use scientific evidence to answer questions.

Light and shadows

  • We will explore the wonders of light focusing on how reflections and shadows are created.
  • We will work scientifically to record observations of light and try to make sense of them.

Plants: How does your garden grow?

  • Building upon previous learning we will identify and name the key parts of a plant and explore their functions.
  • We will explore the requirements of plants for life and growth
  • We will work scientifically to observe, record and evaluate how plants transport water.

Scientific practical investigations

  • We will ask relevant questions and use different types of scientific enquiries to answer them.
  • We will look at what makes a fair test and learn how to select equipment and materials to make it so.
  • We will work scientifically to predict and create a fair investigation and report our findings from these enquiries.

 

Skeletons

  • We will explore and identify the different types of skeletons that humans and animals have.
  • We will identify the functions and purposes of the bones and muscles for support, protection and movement.
  • We will identify that animals need the right amounts of nutrition for health and cannot make their own food; that they get nutrition from what they eat.

Scientific practical investigations

  • We will ask relevant questions and use different types of scientific enquiries to answer them.
  • We will look at what makes a fair test and learn how to select equipment and materials to make it so.

We will work scientifically to predict and create a fair investigation and report our findings from these enquiries.

Plants

  • We will explore the part that flowers play in the life cycle of flowering plants (pollination, seed dispersal, including growing sunflower plants to understand life cycles.

 

Year 4

Autumn

Spring

Summer

  • Setting up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests.
  • Make systematic and careful observations and take accurate measurements using standard units.
  • Record findings using simple scientific language, drawings, labelled diagrams, keys, bar charts, and tables.
  • Use results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions.

Through the topic of Changing States, we will be:

  • Comparing and grouping materials together, according to whether they are solids, liquids or gases. 
  • Identifying the properties of water – solid, liquid and a gas.
  • Observing that some materials change state when they are heated.  Measure and research the temperature at which this happens.
  • Explore and understand the role of the watr cycle, including evaporation, condensation and precipitation.

Through the topic of Electricity, we will be:

  • Identifying common appliances that run on electricity.
  • Constructing a simple series electrical circuit, identifying and naming its basic parts, including cells, wires, bulbs, switches and buzzers.
  • Recognising that a switch opens and closes a circuit and associate this with whether or not a lamp lights in a simple series circuit.
  • Recognising some common conductors and insulators, and associate metals with being good conductors.

 

  • Setting up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests.
  • Make systematic and careful observations and take accurate measurements using standard units.
  • Record findings using simple scientific language, drawings, labelled diagrams, keys, bar charts, and tables.
  • Use results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions.

In the topic of Sound and Hearing, we will be learning:

  • How sounds are made, associating some of them with something vibrating.
  • How vibrations reaching your ear drum are heard as sound.
  • How vibrations travel better through some materials than others.
  • How vibrations travel faster through solids than gases.
  • That vibrations from sounds travel through a medium to the ear.
  • That sounds get fainter as the distance from the sound source increases.
  • How to find patterns between the pitch of a sound and features of the object that produced it.
  • How to find patterns between the volume of a sound and the strength of the vibrations that produced it.

 

Our topic is ‘Living Things’ which will focus specifically on African animals and their habitats. We will learn to:

  • Describe the functions of the basic parts of the digestive system in humans.
  • Recognise that animals can be grouped in a variety of ways.
  • Identify the different types of teeth in humans and their simple functions.
  • Construct and interpret a variety of food chains, identifying predators, producers and prey.
  • Explore and use classification keys to help group, identify and name a variety of living things in their local and wider environment.

Recognise that environments can change and that this can sometimes pose dangers to living things

 

Year 5

Autumn

Spring

Summer

  • Planning own investigations while understanding the components (variables, hypothesis, fair test, organising data, conclusions).
  • Using accurate scientific vocabulary.

We will develop these while learning about:

 

Earth and Space

  • Describing the Sun, Earth and Moon as approximately spherical bodies.
  • Describing the movement of the Earth, and other planets, relative to the Sun in the solar system.
  • Describing the movement of the Moon relative to the Earth.
  • Using the idea of the Earth’s rotation to explain day and night and the apparent movement of the sun across the sky.

Force

  • Explaining that unsupported objects fall towards the Earth because of the force of gravity acting between the Earth and the falling object.
  • Planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary.
  • Taking measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate.
  • Recording data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, tables, bar and line graphs.
  • Using test results to make predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests.
  • Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, casual relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results.
  • Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.
  • Recognising some mechanisms, including levers, pulleys and gears.

Force

  • Identifying the effects of air resistance, water resistance and friction, that act between moving surfaces.
  • Planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary.
  • Taking measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate.
  • Recording data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs.
  • Using test results to make predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests.
  • Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, casual relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results.
  • Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.
  • Recognising some mechanisms, including levers, pulleys and gears.

 

Properties and changes of materials

  • Compare and group together everyday materials on the basis of their properties, including their hardness, solubility, transparency, conductivity (electrical and thermal), and response to magnets.
  • Use knowledge of reversible and irreversible changes to know that some materials will dissolve in liquid to form a solution, and describe how to recover a substance from a solution. 
  • Use knowledge of solids, liquids and gases to decide how mixtures might be separated, including through filtering, sieving and evaporating.
  • Give reasons, based on evidence from comparative and fair tests, for the particular uses of everyday materials, including metals, wood and plastic.       
  • Demonstrate that dissolving, mixing and changes of state are reversible changes.              
  • Explain that some changes result in the formation of new materials, and that this kind of change is not usually reversible, including changes associated with burning and the action of acid on bicarbonate of soda.

Animals including humans

  • Describe the changes as humans develop to old age.
  • Report and present findings from enquiries, including conclusions, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations.      
  • Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.

 

Living things and their habitats

  • Describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect and a bird.               
  • Describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals.
  • Record data in increasing complexity, including scientific diagrams, labels and scatter graphs.

 

 

Year 6

Autumn

Spring

Summer

Investigative science

  • Planning different types of scientific enquiry to answer questions.
  • Taking measurements using scientific equipment.
  • Recording data, using test results to make predictions, reporting and presenting findings, identifying scientific evidence.

 

Light and shadows

  • Recognising that light appears to travel in straight lines.
  • Using the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain that objects are seen because they give out or reflect light into the eye.
  • Explaining that we see things because light travels from light sources to our eyes or from light sources to objects and then to our eyes.
  • Using the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain why shadows have the same shape as the objects that cast them.

 

 

Electricity

  • Associating the brightness of a lamp or the volume of a buzzer with the number and voltage of cells used in the circuit.
  • Comparing and giving reasons for variations in how components function, including the brightness of bulbs, the loudness of buzzers and the on/off position of switches.
  • Using recognised symbols when representing a simple circuit in a diagram.

Evolution and Inheritance

  • Recognising that all living things have changed over time and that fossils provide information about living things that inhabited the Earth millions of years ago.
  • Recognising that living things produce offspring of the same kind, but normally offspring vary and are not identical to their parents.

 

Interdependence and Adaptation

  • Identifying how plants and animals are adapted to their environment in different ways.
  • Describing how living things are classified into plants and animals and giving reasons for classification.
  • Describing ways in which nutrients and water are transported within animals, including humans.

Understanding how our bodies function

  • Understanding the use of micro-organisms.
  • Identifying and naming the main parts of the human circulatory system.
  • Describing the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood.
  • Recognising the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way our bodies function.
  • Learning the importance of keeping ourselves clean.
  • Appreciation of the changes we are going to experience throughout puberty and to discuss any worries.

 

 

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