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Geography

Intent

 

At St Thomas’ we inspire young Geographers to develop their curiosity and fascination through providing regular fieldwork and enrichment opportunities. 

Our Catholic ethos develops citizens who show awe and wonder of the world; learning to love the planet Earth and think sustainably with a deep understanding of the environmental impact people have on the world and how we can be active participants in changing the future.  Our British Values further develops pupils who respect and embrace diversity of other cultures. 

Beginning with the local area of Grays, Essex, we encourage discovery through an authentic and progressive exploration of local, national and international places and how these change over time, so that children leave the school with a sense of place in the world, both culturally and physically. We will ensure that our pupils experience a wide breadth of study and have, by the end of each key stage, long-term memory of an ambitious body of Geographical knowledge and skills. 

 

 

EYFS

Autumn

Spring

Summer

In the Autumn Term, children will begin talking about and identifying where the children come from. They will also link their Geography/Understanding of the World, to their overarching topic of farming by exploring jobs on a farm, looking at what you would find on a farm, and then creating maps of farm.

Fieldwork: Autumn weather walk 

Local walk of Reception

In the Spring Term, children will explore different trails and journeys, including their journeys to school. They will then compare this to the journey by Chitipi in Malawi. Children will also look at places they may like to travel and places they have been.

Fieldwork: Local walk of Reception

 

In the Summer Term, children will begin learning about famous landmarks in London, which will allow a deeper knowledge to be embedded in Key Stage One.

Year 1

Autumn

Spring

Summer

In the Autumn Term, children will begin to develop their map and observational skills by studying the geography of the school and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment. They will use simple compass directions and locational language, devising a simple map of their school environment.

Enrichment/fieldwork activity- local walk with Year 5 and Autumn weather walk

In the Spring Term, children will identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles.

 

In the Summer Term, children will use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries. They will name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas.

 

 

Year 2

 

Autumn

In the Autumn Term, children will research famous landmarks and their locations, using aerial images and plan perspectives to explore the designs of these landmarks and their purpose. They will use compass directions and locational language, as well as devising a map showing the landmarks of London.

 

 

In the Spring Term, children will study Australia. They will understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of Grays and a contrasting non-European country (Australia).

Fieldwork/enrichment activity: Local walk to Blackshots for mapping skills.

In the Summer Term, children will develop their map skills by using world maps, atlases, and globes to identify, name and locate the world’s continents and oceans.

 

 

 

Year 3

 

In the Autumn Term, children will focus on Volcanoes and Earthquakes. They will use maps, atlases, globes, and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe key physical and human features of locations. Children will look at how volcanoes are formed and why earthquakes happen and use maps to identify where in the world these natural disasters occur.

 

In the Spring Term, children will use fieldwork to observe and record human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods including sketch maps, plans and graphs and digital technologies. They will express their own views about their environment, making appropriate observations about why things happen, and describe how the locality of the school has changes over time.

Fieldwork: Explore the school. Make a draft sketch map

In the Summer Term, children will develop their maps skills by looking at Europe including Russia. They will name and locate the Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere and Arctic and Antarctic Circles. Children will identify and locate countries in Europe, as well as major capital cities.

 

 

Year 4

Autumn

Spring

Summer

 

In the Autumn Term, children will develop their knowledge of the local area. They will use fieldwork to observe and record the human and physical features in Grays, focusing on recycling. Children will use the eight points of a compass, four-figure grid references, symbols, and keys, as well deepening their understanding of the UK and its counties.

Fieldwork: Walk around school. Walk to Grays to suggest improvements to the local Council.

In the Spring Term, children will look at regional, national, and international transportation. They will study how transport has adapted over time and look at why we use certain modes of transport.

In the Summer Term, children will study Africa. They will also recap world maps, naming and locating the Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circles and time zones.

 

Year 5

Autumn

Spring

Summer

 In the Autumn Term, children will explore the UK’s trade links today, and in the past, finding out about goods imported and exported, as well as the methods of transport used. They will understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of physical geography of a region in the United Kingdom and South America .

Fieldwork: local walk with Year 1.

 

 

In the Spring Term, children will study South America. They will name and locate the countries of South America, identifying their main physical and human characteristics, including hills, mountains, rivers, key topographical features, and land-use patterns.In the Summer Term, children will study physical geography focusing on coasts and rivers. They will build upon their previous knowledge of the local area, completing a study on the River Thames, as well as developing their map skills.

 

Year 6

Autumn

Spring

Summer

In the Autumn Term, children will study North America. They will name and locate the countries of North America, identifying their main physical and human characteristics, including hills, mountains, rivers, key topographical features, and land-use patterns. This will also be linked to Black History Month.

In the Spring Term, children will focus on extreme weather. They will recognise the physical geography of mountains, coasts, volcanoes, and earthquakes, as well as describing and understanding key aspects of earthquakes, hurricanes, and tsunamis.

Fieldwork/enrichment: Natural History Museum trip for Extreme Earth

In the Summer Term, children will undertake a local study of Grays. They will appreciate how the local area has changed, carrying out an in-depth study. Children will use the eight points of a compass, four-figure grid references, symbols and a key.

Enrichment/ fieldwork activity: Local Geography walk for mapwork.

 

 

 

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