Geography at St Thomas’ is a subject that is packed with excitement and wonder. It helps children gain a better understanding of our world’s people, places and environments, and the interactions between them. Geography helps children to understand how and why places are changing, and to better imagine, predict and work towards what the future may hold. Underpinning all of this is strong spatial awareness that deepens our understanding of what places are like, why and how they are connected.
Through our carefully tailored curriculum, children will develop into explorers. We aim to excite children about the possibilities of what the world has in store for them to explore and experience. Children should leave the school with a sense of their place in the world, but culturally and physically, and a desire to enquire into the world around them.
At St Thomas’, the National Curriculum objectives have been split into overarching topics, with some cross-curricular approaches, linking with Power of Reading texts, and others looking at a topic in context. Our Geography curriculum is designed to offer breadth and depths in both knowledge and skills. We feel this best prepares children for their future learning, but also allows children to enjoy Geography.
In the Autumn Term, children will begin talking about and identifying where the children come from. They will also link their Geography/Understanding of the World, to their overarching topic of farming by exploring jobs on a farm, looking at what you would find on a farm, and then creating maps of farm.
In the Spring Term, children will explore different trails and journeys, including their journeys to school. They will then compare this to the journey by Chitipi in Malawi. Children will also look at places they may like to travel and places they have been.
In the Summer Term, children will begin learning about famous landmarks in London, which will allow a deeper knowledge to be embedded in Key Stage One.
In the Autumn Term, children will begin to develop their map and observational skills by studying the geography of the school and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment. They will use simple compass directions and locational language, devising a simple map of their school environment.
In the Spring Term, children will identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles.
In the Summer Term, children will use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries. They will name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas.
In the Autumn Term, children will research famous landmarks and their locations, using aerial images and plan perspectives to explore the designs of these landmarks and their purpose. They will use compass directions and locational language, as well as devising a map showing the landmarks of London. .
In the Spring Term, children will study Australia. They will understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of Grays and a contrasting non-European country (Australia).
In the Summer Term, children will develop their map skills by using world maps, atlases, and globes to identify, name and locate the world’s continents and oceans.
In the Autumn Term, children will focus on Volcanoes and Earthquakes. They will use maps, atlases, globes, and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe key physical and human features of locations. Children will look at how volcanoes are formed and why earthquakes happen and use maps to identify where in the world these natural disasters occur.
In the Spring Term, children will use fieldwork to observe and record human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods including sketch maps, plans and graphs and digital technologies. They will express their own views about their environment, making appropriate observations about why things happen, and describe how the locality of the school has changes over time.
In the Summer Term, children will develop their maps skills by looking at Europe including Russia. They will name and locate the Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere and Arctic and Antarctic Circles. Children will identify and locate countries in Europe, as well as major capital cities.
In the Autumn Term, children will develop their knowledge of the local area. They will use fieldwork to observe and record the human and physical features in Grays, focusing on recycling. Children will use the eight points of a compass, four-figure grid references, symbols, and keys, as well deepening their understanding of the UK and its counties.
In the Spring Term, children will look at regional, national, and international transportation. They will study how transport has adapted over time and look at why we use certain modes of transport.
In the Summer Term, children will study Africa. They will also recap world maps, naming and locating the Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circles and time zones.
In the Autumn Term, children will study physical geography focusing on coasts and rivers. They will build upon their previous knowledge of the local area, completing a study on the River Thames, as well as developing their map skills.
.In the Spring Term, children will explore the UK’s trade links today, and in the past, finding out about good imported and exported, as well as the methods of transport used. They will understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of physical geography of a region in the United Kingdom and South America.
In the Summer Term, children will study South America. They will name and locate the countries of South America, identifying their main physical and human characteristics, including hills, mountains, rivers, key topographical features, and land-use patterns.
In the Autumn Term, children will study North America. They will name and locate the countries of North America, identifying their main physical and human characteristics, including hills, mountains, rivers, key topographical features, and land-use patterns. This will also be linked to Black History Month.
In the Spring Term, children will focus on extreme weather. They will recognise the physical geography of mountains, coasts, volcanoes, and earthquakes, as well as describing and understanding key aspects of earthquakes, hurricanes, and tsunamis.
In the Summer Term, children will undertake a local study of Grays. They will appreciate how the local area has changed, carrying out an in-depth study. Children will use the eight points of a compass, four-figure grid references, symbols and a key.